The treatment of a person with anxiety depends on the nature of the anxiety Anxiety Disorder and his individual preferences. Often different types of therapy and medication are combined in the treatment.
Drug dependence, depression, and other conditions can sometimes be so strongly linked to anxiety in some people that treatment for an anxiety disorder must wait for an individual to control these underlying conditions.
Recognizing the developing symptoms of anxious feelings and taking steps to control the condition without medical assistance should be the initial run-up.
However, if this does not lessen the impact of the anxiety symptoms, or if they are particularly sudden or severe at first, other treatments are available.
Relaxation techniques can help deal with anxious emotions before they develop into an anxiety and / or panic disorder.
In some cases, a person can regain control at home without clinical supervision. However, this can be limited to shorter and less severe periods of anxiety.
The doctors recommend trying various exercises and techniques to deal with short or targeted anxiety attacks, including:
- stress management: Limit potential triggers by controlling your stress levels. Keep the pressure low, organize daunting tasks in to-do lists, and take plenty of time off from professional or educational commitments.
- Relaxation techniques: Certain measures can help reduce signs of anxiety, including deep breathing exercises, a warm bath, meditation, and yoga.
- Exercises to replace negative thoughts with positive onesMake a list of negative thoughts and make another list of positive thoughts to replace them. Successfully imagine yourself as if you are overcoming specific fear.
- Find a support network: Talk to a supportive person, such as a family member or friend. Avoid storing and suppressing anxious feelings, as this can worsen anxiety disorders.
- Fysical activity: Physical exercise and an active lifestyle can improve self-esteem and stimulate the release of chemicals in the brain, which in turn triggers positive emotions.
Guidance and therapy
The standard treatment for anxiety is always carried out with psychological counseling and therapy.
This could be psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy or a combination of therapy and counseling.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy aims to recognize and change the harmful thinking patterns that can cause anxiety and troubling feelings, limit distorted thinking, and change the magnitude and intensity of responses to stressors.
This helps people control the way their mind and body respond to certain triggers.
Psychotherapy is another treatment that consists of talking to a trained mental health professional and working on the root of the anxiety disorder.
Sessions can explore the triggers of anxiety and possible coping mechanisms.
Medication can help treat many of the symptoms of anxiety, and it is often most effective when a patient is also participating in therapy and psychological counseling. Depending on the severity and duration of symptoms, a person may be prescribed short- or long-term anxiety medications.
Types of anti-anxiety drugs
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors) improve mood by blocking the reuptake of the neurotransmitter serotonin in the brain. SSRIs are not habit forming agents and are often used to treat anxiety disorders, including obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). However, SSRIs do sometimes cause side effects, such as sleep problems, weight gain, and sexual problems. It also takes several weeks for them to reach their maximum effectiveness. Examples of these are citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine, paroxetine and sertraline. SSRIs can increase the risk of suicidal thoughts in young people, so it is important to monitor this effect and let your doctor know if you experience suicidal thoughts.
Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)
SNRIs increase both serotonin and norepinephrine and inhibit brain cells from resorbing them. SNRIs have the same side effects as SSRIs and take several weeks to become active. Examples of these are desvenlafaxine, duloxetine and venlafaxine.
Benzodiazepines are rapid in reducing anxiety, but they are not usually considered first-line treatment. This is because patients can develop tolerance to these tranquilizers and in some cases become addicted. People who stop using benzodiazepines can also experience powerful withdrawal symptoms. Sometimes these drugs are prescribed with SSRIs until the SSRI reaches its full effect. It is not recommended to take benzodiazepines for a long period of time. Examples include alprazolam, clonazepam, diazepam, and lorazepam.
There are other medications that do not fit into the above categories but are still sometimes prescribed to treat concerns. An example is buspirone. This has fewer side effects than SSRIs. Gabapentin is a seizure drug that acts quickly and is often preferred by prescribers over benzodiazepines. Hydroxyzine is also prescribed to treat anxiety because it acts quickly and does not cause dependence.
While feelings of anxiety will always be present in everyday life, there are ways to reduce the risk of full-blown anxiety disorder.
Taking the following steps will help control anxious emotions and prevent the development of a disorder:
- Cut down on caffeine, tea, soda and chocolate.
- Check with a doctor or pharmacist before using any medicines or herbal remedies.
- Maintain a balanced, nutritious diet.
- Opt for a regular sleep pattern.
- Avoid alcohol, cannabis and other recreational drugs.
Talk to a doctor
It is important to communicate with your doctor regularly when taking anti-anxiety medications, especially if you are prescribed other medications. Keep an eye on your symptoms so they can find the best medication for you and also keep an eye on the side effects you are experiencing. If you're having trouble finding a drug that works, a doctor can advise whether you take Xanax or Xanax Buy Valium must. If you become pregnant or breastfeeding, you should consider which medications are the safest.
Above all, it's important not to get discouraged if an anxiety medication doesn't work right away. With patience, observation, and communication, you and your doctor can find the medications that best suit your symptoms and needs.
Treatment for an anxiety disorder focuses on psychological therapy, medication, and lifestyle changes. Treatment will be different for each person, depending on the type of anxiety disorder he / she has and the presence of any underlying conditions.
Self-treatment is the first step in managing anxiety and often includes relaxation techniques, an active lifestyle, and effective time management. If these measures don't help you get control, see a doctor and look for other treatment options.
If the anxious reactions are severe from the start, such as in the form of panic attacks, seek treatment.
Psychological therapies, including CBT, can help a person adjust the way he or she responds to stressful life events and triggers, as well as the magnitude of the response. They can also help limit distorted thinking and replace negative thoughts.
Drugs that can support treatment include tricyclic drugs, antidepressants, beta blockers and benzodiazepines. Talk to a doctor about any serious side effects or withdrawal symptoms after stopping.