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bladder infection

Cystitis: All complaints, symptoms and treatments (+tips)

What is a bladder infection?

It is important to drink plenty of fluids so that the bladder can be flushed thoroughly.

The term cystitis actually means inflammation of the bladder, although it is usually an infection of the urine in the bladder.

The rest of this article will focus on urinary infections and cystitis.


What are the symptoms of a bladder infection?

  • A burning sensation or pain while urinating
  • Have to urinate often
  • Cloudy and smelly urine
  • Pain directly above the pubic bone
  • Children under the age of five often have less obvious symptoms they have symptoms such as weakness, irritability, loss of appetite and vomiting
  • Older women often have no symptoms other than weakness, falls, confusion, or fever
  • Occasionally blood may be visible in the urine


How can a doctor diagnose a bladder infection?

The diagnosis of a bladder infection is based primarily on symptoms and signs. It is not necessary to view the urine.

The main urine test is done by a chemical test (dipstick test). This is a very quick test. The sample of the urine is taken to the hospital laboratory and the growth of the bacteria is examined. The sample must be fresh.

It is also important that the woman has her labia separated when urinating. This is to prevent bacteria from the skin of the vagina getting into the sample.

If there is inflammation, the doctor will use a test to determine whether there are red and white blood cells or protein in the urine.

If this is positive, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics immediately while you wait for further confirmation of the urine test.

It is very important that your GP sends the urine to the laboratory and does not rely solely on the results of the test done by himself. The above findings do not always mean that an infection is present.

Sometimes the urine test shows that there are bacteria that are not sensitive to the antibiotic that has been used, or that there are resistant bacteria that will not respond to the antibiotics.

If this is the case, the antibiotics should be adjusted.

In the case of repeated urinary tract infections, a referral should be made to a urologist for tests such as ultrasound or a urinary tract X-ray and cystoscopy (telescopic examination of the bladder).


How to treat a bladder infection?

Mild bladder infections can be treated quickly by drinking plenty of water. If you don't feel an improvement within 24 hours, see your doctor. The doctor will help you further and probably give you antibiotics. Delay in clearing your body of the infection can lead to more serious problems. One treatment for this is Pyridium. This is only a numbing agent for the urinary tract and will not really cure the infection on its own. This can be useful while waiting for the antibiotics to take effect.

There is a wide variety of antibiotics for bladder infections. Most simple infections can be treated with just three days of medication. sometimes with some painkillers and some organisms take up to a week to disappear. In most cases you should start to feel better after a short treatment period. Usually this is after the first dose. Complicated infections should be treated for about a week. Kidney infections can last longer. The elderly and those with chronic underlying health conditions, such as diabetes or HIV infection, often receive longer courses of antibiotics – sometimes up to 14 days.

After the treatment has been completed, you will be asked to return your urine one more time. This is for an extra check to see if there is still an infection in the bladder. People with regularly recurring bladder infections are often given low daily doses of antibiotics for six months or longer. Patients whose infections occur in connection with sexual activity may be provided with a small dose of antibiotics to take each time after intercourse. Remember that recurring bladder symptoms can be caused by a number of other causes, such as interstitial cystitis, not necessarily due to an infection. Some doctors prescribe the hormone estrogen, which can be in a cream or pill form. This is used to prevent recurrences in postmenopausal women. In cases where the infection is due to a blockage or obstruction, such as a kidney stone or enlarged prostate, surgery may be needed.


How to prevent a bladder infection?

It is important to drink plenty of fluids so that the bladder can be flushed thoroughly.

When urinating, you must empty the bladder completely. It is a bad habit to lean forward on the toilet or read while urinating.

One trick is to sit straight on the toilet so that your back touches the wall. This position helps to empty the bladder completely, and is better than the usual sitting position.

As prevention, it may be helpful to drink cranberry juice or take capsules every day.

There is no doubt that this simple and natural treatment can help reduce the frequency of recurrent infections. It is thought that the cranberry juice works by sticking the good bacteria to the walls of the bladder and thus preventing infections and the feeling of them.

Peeing immediately after sexual intercourse will flush most bacteria out of the urethra.

Try to urinate at least once every two hours. Women who avoid urination for long periods of time are more prone to urinary tract infections.

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